Find Military Records for Former CME Members

Canadian Engineers World War I
RCE Badge circa 1937-1952
RCE Badge circa 1952-1970
CME Badge

Updated January 2021

If you looking for military information on a former serviceperson, Library and Archives Canada (LAC) will generally be your primary source. LAC is responsible for holding the military records of a Service Member after the Department of National Defence has no further need for these files due to the individual's release or death. The Privacy Act governs public access to the documents.

The type of personnel documents that are available online is outlined at:

http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/military-heritage/Pages/military-heritage.aspx

Other Government files can be located through the Search Tool at:  http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/lac-bac/search/arch_adv .  For First World War archives, use “Record Group 150” while “Record Group 24” applies for post-WW I records.

Some guidelines on the availability of documents are:

  • Service Files of members who served during WW I are open to the public.
  • Service Files of WW II fatalities are also open to the public. Online access to these files is free, due to an arrangement between Ancestry.com and Library and Archives Canada. These files are accessible at www.ancestry.ca.  A screen will open instructing you to "Create a Free Account." This is different from their normal free ‘trial subscription.’ All you have to do is enter your name and an email address. Financial information (e.g., credit card information) will not be requested. 
  • Service files of personnel who have been deceased for at least 20 years are available to the public with limitations but those files must be requested through an “Access To Information” request. The files will be screened to protect "Third Party" personal information.

To submit a request for information on a deceased individual see: http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/022/f2/022-909.007-e.pdf . When requesting such information, National Archives requires that you provide the Proof of Death.  Proof of Death can be a Death Certificate, cemetery record, newspaper obituary, picture of a tombstone, etc. 

If you are uncertain of a Date of Death, several websites can assist:

National Archives will provide what they refer to as their "Genealogy Package" in response to most requests for information on a family member. This package generally comprises copies about a dozen pages of the Service and Casualty Record as well as the Enlistment and Discharge documents.

The Service Record will note postings, promotions, qualifications and other significant personnel activities. Much of these entries will be in a somewhat cryptic notation with hand-written sections and numerous abbreviations. One of the better sources to help understand these military abbreviations is at: http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/military-heritage/Pages/military-abbreviations.aspx (very slow loading) with a downloadable copy below.

Depending on the backlog at the time, it may take several months to receive this information from LAC. If you want more information than is normally included in the "Genealogy Package," be prepared to wait some considerable additional time as screening a set of Military Records for ‘third party information’ requires some time and there are often backlogs.

If you wish to learn of the member's activity while in a certain unit, there are several general courses of action:

  • War Diaries. War Diaries are held in National Archives in Ottawa and provide the record of the day-by-day activity. War Diaries are lengthy and often not easy to research so one might consider engaging a freelance researcher in the Ottawa area conduct the research for you. National Archives maintains a list of such individuals. 
  • Unit Histories. A number of Unit Histories exist in various locations across the country. To determine if one exists for a particular unit, you should submit an inquiry to the CME Museum using the LINK at the bottom of the page: http://www.cmemuseum.ca/index_e/rese_e/rese_e.htm

For more assistance, contact:

LCol Ken Holmes, CD (Ret’d)
CMEA History and Heritage
CME.Research@cmea-agmc.ca